Kure Atoll is an atoll situated in Pacific Ocean in Hawaiian Islands. The atoll is otherwise referred to as the Ocean Island. Green Island is the only land on this island that is of significant size and it is a well known habitat for many bird species. The island also has a short, unmaintained and unused runway and a small coast guard station that is no longer been used. Kure Atoll has a reputation of being the world’s northern most and perhaps the remotest coral atoll. It basically includes a nearly circular but relatively wide barrier reef that surrounds several sand islets and a shallow lagoon. The beaches of Kure Atoll are sometimes characterized by some Hawaiian monk seals.
Some physical forces at the atoll have been quite destructive to reef and hampered their growth. Ideally, Kure Atoll is not quite a tourist attraction in Hawaii and in fact it is listed as one of the least visited destinations in United States. In fact, travelers will just stop by Kure Atoll as they travel on to other more popular destinations/ Hawaiian Islands. However, this doesn’t mean that Kure Atoll has nothing to offer tourists and it wouldn’t hurt spending a day at the atoll. Human exploration has formed a great part of Kure Atoll and since historical times, the atoll has welcomed many and varied visitors.
Several ships that made it to Kure Atoll especially in mid 19th Century gave the place a new name. In 1924, its official name was Kure Island and it only came to adopt its current name of Kure Atoll later in 1987. Due to the remoteness of the island, many ships sank on the reefs surrounding the area and its crew men survived on the island eating birds, turtles and seals. Actually, these shipwrecks are still on the reef even today like the USS Saginaw are you can actually give them a visit. Thanks to these incidents, most visitors and tourists do not like the idea of visiting Kure Atoll fearing that they might suffer a similar fate. Nevertheless, people who make it at the atoll get to enjoy the vast bird life and a tour of the ship wrecks.
For most of the historical period, Kure Atoll has been largely neglected and it is only of late that the Hawaiian government has started showing some concern about the atoll. Kure Atoll also has a rich history which it gained during the war time. During the World War II, US navy patrols visited the atoll routinely largely for fear that Japanese would attack it just as they did on Pearl harbour.
Kure Atoll sits within a major ocean current that washes debris towards it from Great Pacific Garbage Patch like cigarette lighters and fishing nets. As such, local tourist attractions and animals are greatly threatened by this garbage especially bird life. Even though Kure Atoll currently doesn’t have permanent human population, the atoll is considered to be part of Honolulu City and has been turned to a wildlife sanctuary.