The mountainous nation of Iceland is actually an island located in Atlantic Ocean between America and Europe. A significant portion of the country has glaciers cover but there are also numerous geothermal hot- spots in Iceland which is also spelt as Island in English. This stunningly beautiful nation has rather desolate and strange looking landscapes. Being very close to Arctic Circle, Iceland has a dramatic variation in daylight amount depending on season. Travelling to this nation is best during summer otherwise there are times when the country experiences almost 20 darkness hours.
Most of the people in Iceland live in Southwest Iceland which also houses the capital city of Reykjavik. West Fjords region has a rugged geography which explains why it is very sparsely populated. West Iceland has most of the glaciers while North Iceland is home to turbulent waterfalls and great lava fields. Glaciated mountains are mostly found at the interior while most of the tourist attractions are located in South Iceland.
The largest city is Reykjavik which is also the capital city. Egilsstaoir city boasts of having a great weather and Hofn town is one of the best sites in the world for whale watching. Iceland International Airport is located in the interesting town of Keflavik while Selfoss town is a majorly agricultural region. Unfortunately, most tourists in Iceland do not travel far from capital city even though the nation has other memorable sights further away. Most tour companies are ready tor organize excursions from the main cities. At an affordable price, you will fly to the dramatic, big volcanoes and to the glaciers which offers a memorable experience.
Iceland is home to several National Parks starting with Pingvellir National Park which is listed as one of the UNESCO World Heritage Site. Known as the ‘parliamentary site’, this national park sits where the longest world running parliament was located. The Vatnajokull National Park is one of most recent national parks in Iceland but largest park in Europe. It boasts of housing the highest mountain in Iceland, largest waterfall in Europe and the largest glacier. Other attractions include the Blue Lagoon which houses a spa comprising of surreal milky blue water in the lava field. Myvatn lake region gives an unearthly kind of experience resulting from the special volcanic craters found here.
The most beautiful and dramatic waterfall in Iceland is Gullfoss which attracts a large number of tourists as well as the majestic Jokulsarlon glacial lagoon and geothermal hotspot of Geysir. Most tourists travel to Iceland in order to enjoy the momentous hiking opportunities and even though the country is not a popular skiing area, Akureyri town offers relatively big ski opportunities.
The numerous glaciers and frozen waterfalls of world class glacier hiking experience as well as incredible sight seeing and whale watching. Mobiling is also common in Iceland especially when travelling to the rather inaccessible regions. Iceland is one of the European countries that were severely impacted by the recent economic crisis which led to a value collapse its local currency but it is making good recovery currently.